What do the results of the referendum in Cyprus show?
The expected referendum - concerning the reunification of Cyprus - took place on April 24th 2004 and had the following results:
The Turkish Cypriots agreed with a vast majority to the Annan plan. The Greek Cypriots refused this plan. 64,9 % of the Turkish Cypriots agreed to the reunification of Cyprus and only 35,1 % of the Turkish Cypriots refused the reunification. The majority of the Greek Cypriots - altogether it was 75,8 % - refused the Annan plan and 24,2 % voted for the reunification project. This high turnout at the referendum shows that there is great interest in the question. In the north of the island 84,35 % participated at the referendum. In the south of the island 96,53 % of the population participated. Thus, the population of both parts of the island were interested in a solution of the conflict of Cyprus. Nevertheless, the result of the referendum for the solution of the conflict was not the result which was hoped for.
The USA and the EU have mortgaged the future of Cyprus. They came to terms to use the island as a common territory. The Annan plan expressed this agreement. The Cypriot people were forced to either support the insisting of the political powers of the USA and the EU on their policy or to refuse them. Exactly that was done by the population of the island: They've said "yes" or "no" to the reunification of Cyprus. The Annan plan hasn't got the function to ask the Cypriots how the two peoples would reunite, how they would like to decide on their common destiny or how they would like to build a united Cyprus. On the contrary, this plan only served to balance the intentions and advantages of the USA and the EU and to have them confirmed by the Cypriots. In this sense, the Annan plan only was an aspiration to gain imperialist "peace", but without success. The new situation created by the referendum; the majority of the Greek Cypriots having voted against this plan and the Turkish Cypriots having agreed with it, shows that the competition in Cyprus will be realized under new conditions.
What did the parties wanted and what did they get?
Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the USA, the USSR, partially the EU, Turkey and Greece were responsible for the fact that no concrete solution could have been found for the conflict of Cyprus. The UN was the principal stage for the continuation of the competition struggle. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia was not involved in the question anymore. The other participants continued to deal with the question of Cyprus. Finally, they agreed on the framework of the Annan plan. But this time, Russia intervened again and rejected the draft UN resolution. This rejection has affected the results of the referendum and thus, neither the USA nor the EU could achieve the solution for the conflict of Cyprus they had hoped for in the frame of the Annan Plan.
Greece could not realize its plan to annex all of Cyprus through the EU. After the results of the referendum, Turkey has gained strong possibilities of realizing its division policy. Even now, Turkey tries to use the results of the referendum for its policies by emphasising that the Turkish part of Cyprus should be recognized as an own state; with the statements from the USA and the EU; the abolition of the embargo and the opening of foreign representations in the Turkish part.
As a result: The results of the referendum above all, are serving the interests of the status quo and these of the American imperialism. The American imperialism can continue to exercise its domination on the island; directly upon the Turkish Cypriots and in an indirect way upon the Greek Cypriots. The EU, which began to consider the "green line" as the border, can exercise its domination in the south of the island.
The referendum of the Cypriots will be a beginning of the next plans regarding the island and the Cyprus policy. The situation after the referendum will not be similar to the situation there before. The opinions of the rulers haven't changed up to now. But, there's no possibility to realize these opinions and plans with the policy of the past. The results of the referendum have created new material conditions for the new policy. Furthermore, the referendum made that the two peoples got to know each other better and created possibilities to extend their relations of mutual trust.